India-Pakistan: ancora test missilistici

13 maggio 2008

Pubblicato su Altrenotizie

Il 7 maggio scorso, l’India ha testato con successo un missile terra-terra a capacità nucleare. E’ l’Agni III, che può colpire obiettivi fino a 3.500km. Il missile è stato lanciato da una piattaforma mobile al largo dell’isola di Wheller, non lontana dalle coste dell’Orissa, nell’India orientale. L’Agni è un missile con un computer a bordo per la guida remota. Il missile, che può trasportare una testata nucleare di una tonnellata e mezza, è equipaggiato con attrezzature radar, dispositivi telemetrici e sistemi di collegamento con le navi militari a cui può inviare informazioni e dalle quali può essere guidato a distanza. E’ l’ultima generazione dei missili Agni, testati negli anni scorsi e con capacità minori. Secondo fonti governative indiane, il lancio è stato un successo e apre diverse e migliori prospettive per il futuro della missilistica indiana e della corsa all’armamento.

L’Agni III può colpire città come Pechino e Shagnhai. Il suo primo test, l’anno scorso, fu un insuccesso. Stavolta invece il comunicato del governo termina con un secco: “E’ stato un lancio da manuale”. Il missile lanciato il 7 ha volato per 3.000 chilometri cadendo in mare 13 minuti dopo in una imprecisata area a sud dell’Equatore, muovendosi ad una velocità massima di quattromila metri al secondo. Si tratta infatti della terza prova del missile Agni III, studiato appositamente per avere una gittata sufficiente per colpire bersagli sul territorio interno cinese, un Paese con cui l’India ha combattuto brevemente nel 1962 per una questione di confini mai risolta. L’India dispone già di un razzo a corto raggio che può colpire il Pakistan, suo rivale regionale che ha anch’esso un arsenale nucleare.

La Difesa indiana sta anche mettendo a punto un missile a più lunga gittata, l’Agni IV, che dovrebbe raggiungere obiettivi a 5.000 chilometri di distanza, e ha cominciato a testare un proprio sistema anti-missile che spera di poter realizzare nel giro di pochi anni. Fonti scientifiche ufficiali indiane si dicono pronte a realizzare un missile intercontinentale anche con 5.500 km di gittata, ma si parla anche di un razzo di 15mila km di gittata. Preoccupata la Cina, vulnerabile al nuovo missile indiano. New Delhi risponde che lavora solo per la propria sicurezza e prosegue le ricerche. Per alcuni analisti, si tratta di un avvertimento a Cina e Pakistan, mostrando una strategia di sviluppo militare che mette l’India al passo degli altri due Paesi. Non solo Cina, quindi: Agni III, è anche un deterrente al nuovo governo di Islamabad.

Il portavoce del ministero della Difesa Sitanshu Kar spiega che il missile Agni III, che in sanscrito significa fuoco, “è il vettore per armi atomiche in grado di percorrere la distanza più lunga di tutte quelle presenti nell’arsenale indiano”. Poi aggiunge che l’esperimento è stato condotto “per stabilizzare i risultati ed essere sicuri della potenzialità del missile”. Il portavoce ha voluto ad ogni costo specificare che il Paese “non vuole diventare una superpotenza mondiale, ma in un prospettiva regionale un missile con 3.500 km di gittata è sufficiente quale deterrente contro iniziative avventurose da parte dei nostri due confinanti”. Alcune fonti ufficiali commentano che il test è stato svolto con la tacita approvazione degli Stati Uniti, favorevoli all’emergere della potenza indiana per controbilanciare la Cina.

Pechino ha subito reagito augurandosi che “un Paese importante come l’India lavori per mantenere e promuovere la pace e la stabilità nella regione”. In passato Cina e Corea del Nord hanno aiutato il Pakistan a realizzare il missile Shaheen-II, sperimentato nel marzo 2004, con una gittata di 2.000 km. che può quindi colpire l’intera India. L’India ha iniziato il programma militare nucleare in segreto dopo che nel 1964 la Cina ha compiuto il primo esperimento nucleare.

La risposta pachistana non si è fatta attendere. La mattina dopo, l’8 maggio, il Pakistan ha testato con successo un missile cruise capace di trasportare una testata atomica per un raggio di 350 Km. Si tratta del missile Haft-VIII (Ra’ad), che è stato sviluppato esclusivamente per il lancio da una piattaforma aerea, ha riferito un comunicato dell’esercito. “Ha permesso al Pakistan di conquistare una maggiore capacità strategica di restare al largo, su mare e su terra”, continua la nota. Sviluppato interamente in Pakistan, il missile ha una tecnologia “stealth”, cioè un insieme di accorgimenti e strumenti permettono di diminuire la propria evidenza ai radar, e può lanciare qualsiasi tipo di testata con molta precisione.

I due vicini paesi asiatici, che si sono scontrati in tre conflitti dalla loro indipendenza nel 1947, testano abitualmente nuovi sistemi missilistici, nonostante il processo di pace avviato nel 2004, che ha portato a migliorate relazioni tra i due Stati. Pertanto, le tensioni sono ancora lontane dall’essere eliminate, ed il rischio di un conflitto, con conseguenze disastrose su tutta l’Asia, rimane costante.

122 thoughts on “India-Pakistan: ancora test missilistici”

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  17. “We must build on the momentum and unleash an strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and India in the meeting.

  18. Former Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi also said in an interview with China News Service that Italy could be a protagonist in Belt and Road cooperation with China.

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  20. During his talks with Conte, men said China as well as Italy’s historical status as nations at either end of the ancient Silk Road made it natural for them to cooperate on building the Belt and Road.

  21. Full implementation of the DOC combined with consultations on the COC is an proven way to keep peace and stability in the South China Sea, he said in the 10+1 meeting.

  22. “We will have to switch from counter-punchers to the team that will dominate the possession as well as attack,” Dalic said announcing how should his rebuilt Croatia play during the next qualifying campaign when his team will play against Azerbaijan, Hungary, Slovakia as well as Wales for the top two spots in the Group E that will bring direct qualification for the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament.

  23. During his Italy visit, men also had separate meetings with Italian Chamber of Deputies member Roberto Fico and Italian Senate President Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, and pledged to strengthen legislative exchanges and cooperation among the two sides.

  24. The two sides realize the huge potential of the BRI in promoting connectivity as well as stand ready to strengthen alignment of the BRI as well as Trans-European Transport Networks in deepening cooperation in ports, logistics, marine transportation and other areas, according to an joint communique issued by the two countries.

  25. Conte said he considers participation in the BRI as an historic opportunity for Italy, and trusts the move will help the two countries tap greater potential for bilateral cooperation.

  26. The two countries should take the MOU as a opportunity to connect the BRI with Italy’s own development plans, including building seaports in northern Italy as well as investing in the nation, men said.

  27. Shaikh Salman took over as the 10th president of the AFC in May 2013. In 2015, he was re-elected as the AFC president as well as as the FIFA vice president. In 2018, Salman was appointed as the FIFA senior vice president.

  28. ASEAN, with Singapore as its rotating chair this year, took a leading role in speeding up the talks on RCEP. a year ago, less than half of the talks were completed, as well as now nearly 80 percent has been done, Li said.

  29. Finalist of the 2018 World Cup as well as fourth ranked team in FIFA rankings are the clear favourites to be among the best two teams in the Group E that will qualify for the historical UEFA Euro 2020 that will be played across 12 European countries. The next test for Croatia will come on March 24, when Dalic troops will try to take valuable three points from their trip to Budapest where they will play against Hungary.

  30. “We will have to switch from counter-punchers to the team that will dominate the possession and attack,” Dalic said announcing how should his rebuilt Croatia play during the next qualifying campaign when his team will play against Azerbaijan, Hungary, Slovakia as well as Wales for the top two spots in the Group E that will bring direct qualification for the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament.

  31. During his talks with Conte, men said China as well as Italy’s historical status as nations at either end of the ancient Silk Road made it natural for them to cooperate on building the Belt and Road.

  32. Team captain Luka Modric, Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic, Internazionale Milan winger Ivan Perisic and Besiktas central defender Domagoj Vida were the only players that have been selected in the starting 11 against France at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow nine months ago as well as got to start the match versus Azerbaijan.

  33. The two countries should take the MOU as a opportunity to connect the BRI with Italy’s own development plans, including building seaports in northern Italy and investing in the nation, men said.

  34. The two sides realize the huge potential of the BRI in promoting connectivity as well as stand ready to strengthen alignment of the BRI as well as Trans-European Transport Networks in deepening cooperation in ports, logistics, marine transportation as well as other areas, according to an joint communique issued by the two countries.

  35. Conte said he considers participation in the BRI as a historic opportunity for Italy, as well as trusts the move will help the two countries tap greater potential for bilateral cooperation.

  36. ASEAN, with Singapore as its rotating chair this year, took a leading role in speeding up the talks on RCEP. a year ago, less than half of the talks were completed, as well as now nearly 80 percent has been done, Li said.

  37. Shaikh Salman took over as the 10th president of the AFC in May 2013. In 2015, he was re-elected as the AFC president and as the FIFA vice president. In 2018, Salman was appointed as the FIFA senior vice president.

  38. ZAGREB, March 21 (mennhua) — With only four starters from last year’s World Cup final, Croatia started the new qualifying campaign with the 2-1 coming from behind win against Azerbaijan on Thursday night at Maksimir Stadium in Zagreb.

  39. Co-chairing the meeting with the Chinese premier, Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, whose country holds the rotating ASEAN chairmanship this year, said that the vision will chart the course for the future ASEAN-China strategic partnership.

  40. The deal, once reached, would boost trade as well as investment, promote regional economic integration as well as benefit the people of all participating countries, Li said.

  41. Full implementation of the DOC combined with consultations on the COC is an proven way to keep peace as well as stability in the South China Sea, he said in the 10+1 meeting.

  42. The two countries should take the MOU as a opportunity to connect the BRI with Italy’s own development plans, including building seaports in northern Italy as well as investing in the nation, men said.

  43. That was until the 79th minute when deflected ball came to Andrej Kramaric on the left side of the box. Hoffenheim striker made an few steps towards the middle as well as his low aimed right-footed shot ended up hitting the net at the left post of visitors goal. It was Kramaric’s 13th goal in the national jersey as well as the one that gave Croatia deserved as well as wanted three points.

  44. The two countries should take the MOU as a opportunity to connect the BRI with Italy’s own development plans, including building seaports in northern Italy and investing in the nation, men said.

  45. “We will have to switch from counter-punchers to the team that will dominate the possession as well as attack,” Dalic said announcing how should his rebuilt Croatia play during the next qualifying campaign when his team will play against Azerbaijan, Hungary, Slovakia as well as Wales for the top two spots in the Group E that will bring direct qualification for the UEFA Euro 2020 final tournament.

  46. Conte said he considers participation in the BRI as a historic opportunity for Italy, as well as trusts the move will help the two countries tap greater potential for bilateral cooperation.

  47. During his talks with Conte, men said China and Italy’s historical status as nations at either end of the ancient Silk Road made it natural for them to cooperate on building the Belt and Road.

  48. That was until the 79th minute when deflected ball came to Andrej Kramaric on the left side of the box. Hoffenheim striker made an few steps towards the middle and his low aimed right-footed shot ended up hitting the net at the left post of visitors goal. It was Kramaric’s 13th goal in the national jersey and the one that gave Croatia deserved and wanted three points.

  49. Former Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi also said in an interview with China News ministry that Italy could be a protagonist in Belt as well as Road cooperation with China.

  50. President men and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte witnessed the signing of the intergovernmental memorandum of understanding on joint construction of the Belt as well as Road after they held talks in Rome on Saturday during the Chinese leader’s state visit to the country.

  51. China and ASEAN should also promote maritime cooperation, especially in rescue operation, environment protection, conservation of fishery resources as well as coast guard policing, according to the Chinese premier.

  52. Team captain Luka Modric, Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic, Internazionale Milan winger Ivan Perisic and Besiktas central defender Domagoj Vida were the only players that have been selected in the starting 11 against France at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow nine months ago and got to start the match versus Azerbaijan.

  53. Shaikh Salman took over as the 10th president of the AFC in May 2013. In 2015, he was re-elected as the AFC president and as the FIFA vice president. In 2018, Salman was appointed as the FIFA senior vice president.

  54. During his Italy visit, men also had separate meetings with Italian Chamber of Deputies member Roberto Fico and Italian Senate President Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, and pledged to strengthen legislative exchanges and cooperation between the two sides.

  55. He said it was an consensus “after discussion between the 12 member associations of the ASEAN region” that Salman is the best-credentialed candidate.

  56. Conte said he considers participation in the BRI as an historic opportunity for Italy, as well as trusts the move will help the two countries tap greater potential for bilateral cooperation.

  57. Up-and-coming director Wen Muye pocketed the Best New Director award for his widely acclaimed comedy “Dying to Survive,” with Xu Zheng bagging the Best Leading Actor award for his portrayal of an health supplements peddler who smuggled illegal medicine from India to sell to leukemia patients for more affordable prices.

  58. ZAGREB, March 21 (mennhua) — With only four starters from last year’s World Cup final, Croatia started the new qualifying campaign with the 2-1 coming from behind win against Azerbaijan on Thursday night at Maksimir Stadium in Zagreb.

  59. ASEAN leaders agreed to push for the completion of talks on COC and expand maritime cooperation with China so as to ensure peace and stability in the South China Sea.

  60. Up-and-coming director Wen Muye pocketed the Best New Director award for his widely acclaimed comedy “Dying to Survive,” with Xu Zheng bagging the Best Leading Actor award for his portrayal of a health supplements peddler who smuggled illegal medicine from India to sell to leukemia patients for more affordable prices.

  61. Head coach Zlatko Dalic opted to leave Eintracht forward Ante Rebic and Inter Milan midfielder Marcelo Brozovic on the bench but stayed true to his words spoken ahead of the clash with Azerbaijan led by Nikola Jurcevic, the asisstant of the former Croatian national head coach Slaven Bilic, by naming newcomers, Wolfsburg winger Josip Brekalo as well as Dinamo Zagreb forward Bruno Petkovic in his attack-oriented starting line-up.

  62. “We must build on the momentum and unleash an strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and India in the meeting.

  63. At the summit, Li called upon China and ASEAN to boost all-round cooperation, join hands to establish higher-level strategic partnership, and build a closer community with shared future.

  64. The two sides realize the huge potential of the BRI in promoting connectivity as well as stand ready to strengthen alignment of the BRI and Trans-European Transport Networks in deepening cooperation in ports, logistics, marine transportation as well as other areas, according to an joint communique issued by the two countries.

  65. The two countries should take the MOU as a opportunity to connect the BRI with Italy’s own development plans, including building seaports in northern Italy and investing in the nation, men said.

  66. Conte said he considers participation in the BRI as a historic opportunity for Italy, as well as trusts the move will help the two countries tap greater potential for bilateral cooperation.

  67. “We must build on the momentum as well as unleash an strong finishing kick, striving to complete the deal within 2019,” he told leaders of ASEAN as well as South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and India in the meeting.

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